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What is the history of Rome?

The founder of Ancient Rome were two twins raised by a she-wolf, their name was Romulus and Remus in 753 BC. Till the 1st century BC, the brothers have expanded the Roman in Spain, North Africa, and Greece.

The kingdom of Rome followed the non-hereditary succession. Hence, the senate was the only medium of electing the Roman king. The king was known as Rex (Latin word for King).

As time went by, the kings changed, and the condition of Ancient Rome. Some kings brought a peaceful and prosperous life, but some kings brought destruction too.

Seven kings ruled over the ancient Rome: Romulus (1st), Numa Pompilius (2nd), Tullus Hostilius (3rd), Ancus Marcius (4th), Lucius Tarquinius Priscus (5th), Servius Tullius (6th) and Tarquinius Superbus, or Tarquin the Proud (7th).

First king founded the Roman Empire, while the seventh king became the reason for its demolition, due to his cruel and tyrannical behavior.

What is the timeline of Ancient Rome?

As said above, the timeline of ancient Rome has three different stages. The timeline changed with the condition of the empire and the king’s response to it. Let’s look at the three stages of the Roman Empire.

Rome was there in Italy for the longest time, but it gained its power after the expansion in Greece and Egypt. The three stages of the Roman Empire are:

Before the Rise of the Rome

The starting period of this stage is not known but it ended in 500 BC. At the start it was the Stone Age, then the Bronze Age, and last was the Etruscans.

Republic Rome

The Roman Republic was the classical era led by the Roman people and was established after the overthrow of the Roman kingdom. During this period, Roman civilization made its first law and a senate was formed for the election of the king. 

During the Roman republic, the people became prosperous as well as suffered because of the cruel rules to follow. Roman military’s emergence was in this era. There were two groups (assemblies) during the Republic Rome, the tribal assembly, and the military assembly.

The Roman Republic lasted for over 200 years and was replaced by the Roman Empire.

Roman Empire

The last period of Ancient Roman civilization. This is the era where Roman civilization faces the fall. After the cruel and hard-to-see situation, Republic Roman left for Romanians, the Roman Empire was a relief to them. 

Here in this era, Rome was ruled by the government and no kings. At the initial stage, the expansion of Rome was pretty good and it covered around 5,900,000 km2. The fall of the Roman Empire was because of many reasons – of them, some were political corruption, health issues, urban decay, inflation, unemployment, and others. 

FYI: Roman Empire was also known as “Imperium Romanum,” where Imperium means ‘territory’.

What was the culture during the Ancient Roman era?

To be honest, the culture of the Ancient Roman era was quite interesting and praise-worthy. The expansion of Rome was in different areas and hence it has to accept various cultures and religions with the handheld open. 

There was no restriction regarding which religion to follow, one can attend religious offers to Roman gods as well as his personal faith. Though the most communities followed Christianity. 

What are Ancient Roman Temples famous for?

The design of Roman temples and Greek temples are somehow similar, even many historians say the gods were identified as the same. The ancient Roman temples were known for their circular shape and spacious design.

The Roman temple was built on an elevated plateau with stairs at the front and pillars on all sides with a roof. The Ancient Roman temples have been preserved and are now the tourist attractions. You will know more about the ancient Roman temples in detail in our next blog.

Wrapping Up:

Roman civilization has faced ups and downs (eventually it collapsed). However, there are many secrets yet to be revealed from the Ancient Roman times, be it their hidden temples or the unsolved mysteries. Stay tuned with Secret Temples for more information on hidden gems of the different civilizations.

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